Mazut Mainly, fuel oil is defined as any liquid that is burned in furnaces, boilers or used in a power generation engines.
Fuel oil is obtained from distilled crude oil having a flash-point of approximately 40 ° C.
According to this definition, diesel is a type of fuel oil. Fuel oil is composed of long hydrocarbon chains, particularly alkanes, cycloalkanes and aromatics and placed in the classification of heavy industrial fuels, heavier than gas-oil and Naphtha.This material is also used as fuel for ships (Filthy fuel / Dirty Oil).
In considering such application, its viscosity has significant importance. Viscosity should be suitable for mazut pumping.
The chain length of produced fuel oil, varies, depending on the application. For instance diesel fuel oil is formed with a hydrocarbons chain length of 10 to 20 carbon atoms.
One of the following structures can be formed:
C14H30 – C15H32 – C16H34 – C17H36 – C18H38 – C19H40 – C20H42
|SPECIFIC GRAVITY @ 15.56 /15.56 °C||0.9785||ASTM D 4052|
|API||13.11||ASTM D 1298|
|SULPHUR CONTENT (Total) Wt.%||3.45||ASTM D 4294|
|BASE SEDIMENT & WATER Vol.%||0.1||ASTM D 1796|
|WATER CONTENT Vol.%||<0.05||ASTM D 4006|
|SALT CONTENT P.T.B||11||ASTM D 3230|
|FLASH POINT ° C||66||ASTM D 93|
|KINEMATIC VISCOSITY @ 40 ° C mm2 /Sec||899.2||ASTM D 445|
|KINEMATIC VISCOSITY @ 50 ° C mm2 /Sec||377.8||ASTM D 445|
|POUR POINT ° C||0||ASTM D 5853|
|ASH CONTENT Wt.%||0.04||ASTM D 482|
|ASPHALTENES Wt.%||5.4||IP 143|
|WAX CONTENT Wt.%||3.3||BP 237|
|DROP MELTING POINT OF WAX ° C||64||IP 133|
|CARBON RESIDUE CONRADSON Wt.%||13.5||ASTM D 189|
|ACIDITY , TOTAL mgKOH/gr||0.11||UOP 565|
|CALORIFIC VALUE Kcal/Kg||10149||CALCULATED|
|NICKEL CONTENT PPm||68||ASTM D 5863|
|VANADIUM CONTENT PPm||202||ASTM D 5863|
|IRON CONTENT PPm||7.5||ASTM D 5863|
|LEAD CONTENT PPm||<1||ASTM D 5863|
|SODIUM CONTENT PPm||25||ASTM D 5863|